Scotland's First Voluntary Marine Reserve

The Berwickshire Marine Reserve, formally the St Abbs and Eyemouth Voluntary Marine Reserve, was established on the 18th of August 1984 and was set up by local stakeholders and relevant organisations to help manage and conserve the 

It was one of the first voluntary marine reserves to be set up in the UK and remains the only voluntary marine reserve in Scotland. The Reserve encompasses 8km of the Berwickshire coastline, and extends out to the 50 metre depth contour – covering a marine area of 10.3km2.

marine environment.


The waters within the Berwickshire Marine Reserve (BMR) is world renowned for its rich biodiversity and crystal-clear waters.

The mixing of a warm water current driven by the Gulf Stream which enters the North Sea over the northern tip of Scotland, with a cold water current from the Arctic create a unique environment, allowing a host of magnificent flora and fauna to thrive.

In addition to amazing sea creatures, the BMR has some of the best examples of habitats associated with sea caves, rocky reefs and arches, on the east coast.

These features are included in the European Habitats Directive, which has resulted in the BMR being included in the Berwickshire & North Northumberland European Marine Site.